Patriarchal Hegemony in Damar Kambang Novel by Muna Masyari
Patriarchal hegemony is a complex system approved by society by placing men in a central position. One of the literary works that contain patriarchal hegemony is the novel 'Damar Kambang'. The aims of the research are to reveal the form of Madura patriarchal hegemony in Muna Masyari's Damar Kambang novel and to analyze the factors that influence the occurrence of Madura patriarchal hegemony in Muna Masyari's Damar Kambang novel. This research uses a literary sociology approach. The research data is in the form of fragments of text which are assumed to contain patriarchal hegemony through facts and story facilities, with the data source being the novel Damar Kambang by Muna Masyari which was published in 2020, while the technique of data acquisition was by means of heuristic reading followed by analysis in the form of hermeneutic reading. The results of the study show that the novel Damar Kambang by Muna Masyari contains forms of patriarchal hegemony, namely physical and psychological violence, unilateral decision-making, loss of space for discussion, and power over women who are approved and controlling children in the realm of marriage. The forms of patriarchal hegemony contained in the Damar Kambang novel are also influenced by several factors which are the cause of the emergence of patriarchal hegemony, including religion, social culture, and social status. Based on the results of the research, the benefits that can be provided by researchers are to add to the description and popularize readers about the social phenomena of the kinship system of patriarchal tribes contained in literary works.
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