Implementation of Total Productive Maintenance and Lean Manufacturing in the Pharmaceutical Industry: An Empirical Study
This study aimed to determine the relationship between the implementation of total productive maintenance and lean manufacturing on overall equipment effectiveness at PT Kimia Farma Tbk Plant Banjaran. This research design is quantitative, with multiple linear regression methods to determine the independent variable on the dependent variable. Data was collected by giving questionnaires directly to respondents. This study's results show a positive and significant relationship between the Total Productive Maintenance program and the Overall Equipment Effectiveness measured at PT Kimia Farma Tbk Plant Banjaran. A positive and meaningful relationship exists between the Lean Manufacturing program and the Overall Equipment Effectiveness measured at PT Kimia Farma Tbk Plant Banjaran. TPM is one of LM's tools in terms of equipment, apart from other tools that measure process aspects such as Standard Work, 5S, VSM, JIT, Line Balancing, and SMED. A positive, simultaneous, and significant relationship exists between the combination of Total Productive Maintenance and Lean Manufacturing programs on Overall Equipment Effectiveness as measured at PT Kimia Farma Tbk Plant Banjaran. The combination of a good TPM and LM program directly causes an increase in the effectiveness and efficiency of the production process. It reduces the occurrence of production defects so that OEE also increases.