Presence of the Female Persona in the Poetry of Nizar Qabbani
This article revolves around the female poet's ego in the poetry of Nizar Qabbani, and we have concluded that the death of “Wesal,” the poet's sister, had an impact on him, as he became a supporter of women's rights, pushing them to control their lives, bodies and destiny, and making the cause of women the most loyal and important rank in his collections until 1967. Qabbani chose to speak for women and to be persuaded by her mask so that his poetry would have the strongest impact on people, to reflect many types of women's pains and issues in Eastern society, and to freely reveal the feelings, thoughts and anger in his chest that were considered forbidden at that time. The cause of freedom, which was adopted by Qabbani was limited in its first stage to women's freedom, and for this reason, the poems of the female poet ego abounded, so that we receive the voice of women who demand freedom in all its colors and spectrums and in various fields. Diary of an Indifferent Woman, published in 1968, was dedicated by the poet to the female poet's ego to speak with the voice of women, summarize all their issues, and declare a revolution against society in the face of all the injustices they face, summarizing a partial stage, which is the stage of the absolute women's freedom in order to move to a more comprehensive and broader stage, which is the stage of mankind at large. After the 1967 war, the issue of freedom expanded to the level of the Arab nation and the human being in general, male and female, so the voice of the female poet ego representing women decreased, and the voice of the masculine poet ego, which represents human beings at large aroused.
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