Research Article

Morphological System of Arabic Language


  • Malladi Revathi Devi Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English Language, Faculty of Languages and Translation, King Khalid University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Elgaili Mhagoub Ahmed Fadl Elmula Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, Gezira University, Sudan


The analysis of Arabic morphology and the system will be the sole focus of this paper. It will be carried out using the following levels of analysis: phonology, graphology, morphology, and lexicon-syntactic patterns and choices. In order to undertake an analysis that could serve as a reference and be pertinent to future researchers in a related topic, aspects from each of the aforementioned levels of analysis will be considered. "Phonology" is the study of how speech sounds are arranged into systems in English. "Phonology is the study of linguistic systems," according to Lodge (2009: 8). In particular, the manner in which sounds in a language express linguistic distinction in meaning. In stylistics, phonology often deals with the systematic use of sounds to create words and utterances in language. The repetition displayed results in phonological devices. For instance, alliteration, consonance, assonance, and phonaesthesia are rhyme-related characteristics. "Morphology" is the discipline of linguistics that studies words, their internal structure, and how they are formed. It also refers to the mental mechanism involved in word development. The morphological level of analysis is concerned with word formation processes that are subject to particular conditions and rules of the process of affixation, the prefix, suffix, and root words, coining, back formation, etc. The words "Lexis" and "Syntax" are combined to create the term "lexicon syntax." The whole vocabulary that makes up a language or the collection of words that a certain person is familiar with and uses is called lexis. According to Tallerman (1988:1), syntax refers to the 'sentence construction' process, which describes how words are arranged to form phrases and sentences. In this context, it is used in a similar way to how we use the term "stylistics" to refer to the study of literary style. It can also refer to the study of the syntactic features of languages. There are several ways to find lexico-syntactic patterns, including repetition, removal of words, and odd or inverted word order. Lexico Syntactic choices can be made by stacking common collocates with uncommon collocates, using archaic words or specific elements of speech, or by using techniques like metaphor, simile, oxymoron, etc. The study of the meanings obtained from patterns and additional letters contained in word templates is known as Arabic Morphology (sarf), a subfield of classical Arabic. These connotations cover voice, tense, and any other implications, such as the notion of searching in the example in the attachment. Additional connotations, such as the notion of searching in the example in the attachment, as well as tense, voice, and other meanings, are included in these implications.

Article information


International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Volume (Issue)

6 (3)





How to Cite

Devi, M. R., & Elgaili Mhagoub Ahmed Fadl Elmula. (2023). Morphological System of Arabic Language. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 6(3), 52–62.



Computational, linguistic description, morphological generation, analyzing Arabic words, lemmatization, component morphemes, paradigms etc.