Research Article

Impact of Communicative Language Teaching Method on Students' Speaking and Listening Skills: A Review Article


  • Zanyar Nathir Ghafar ESP Department, National Institute of Technology, Sulaymaneyeah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq; Department of Nursing, Kurdistan Technical Institute, Sulaymaneyeah, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
  • Murad Hassan Sawalmeh Assistant Professor of Linguistics and Translation, Dhofar University, Oman
  • Akam Azad Mohamedamin Faculty of Arts, English department, Soran University, Soran, Kurdistan Region, Iraq


English language teachers and educators everywhere try to find better language approaches, methods, theories, techniques, and strategies. One way to do that is by implementing the approaches or practices in their classrooms to see which one works, serves more for their students, or has more impact. These communicative language education techniques have been used for many years in many nations. The main goal of the learners is to reach communicative competence; thus, they continuously search for a method or approach that can significantly impact their communicative competence. Hence, teachers and learners try to use different language approaches and techniques to improve the student's language skills, especially their speaking skills. The main aim of this review article is to investigate the impact of communicative language teaching (CLT) by reviewing five reports and some literature reviews. Kasumi's first article, ' Communicative Language Teaching and Its Impact on Students' Performance," was conducted in 2015. The second article is entitled "The effect of using Communicative Language Teaching on Speaking Ability," which Ratih and Hanafi undertook in 2016. The third article is entitled "The Effect of Using Communicative Language Teaching on Developing English Speaking and Listening Skills of Iranian Secondary School Students," which Aalaei conducted in 2017. The fourth article, "The Effect of Communicative Activities on Libyan Secondary School Students' Speaking Performance in Malaysia," was conducted by Owen & Razali in 2018. The fifth article, "The Impact of the Implementation of CLT On Students' Speaking Skills, " was led by Mangaleswaran and Aziz in 2019. The findings of these articles indicated that CLT impacts students' communicative competence, especially speaking and other skills such as listening, reading, and writing. The results show that the sub-skills such as vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, comprehension, and fluency improve.

Article information


International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Volume (Issue)

6 (1)





How to Cite

Ghafar, Z. N., Sawalmeh, M. H., & Mohamedamin, A. A. (2023). Impact of Communicative Language Teaching Method on Students’ Speaking and Listening Skills: A Review Article. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 6(1), 54–60.



Communicative Language Teaching, Communicative competence, language skills, speaking skills, listening skills.