Research Article

Satire of Prestige Materialism in Andrea Hirata's Tree Circus Novel


  • Siti Purnaningsih First Postgraduate Student, Indonesian Language and Literature Education, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia
  • Ari Kusmiatun Postgraduate Lecturer, Faculty of Language and Arts, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia


The world of post-reality offers a variety of experiences, colonizations, and fascinating new panoramas. However, the created world makes humans trapped in an artificial world that is all superficial, immanent, and shallow so that they are no longer able to find natural reality, cultural richness, and the depth of transcendental experience. This study aims to describe the satire of prestige materialism in the novel Circus Tree by Andrea Hirata. The satire of prestige materialism is a symbol of Andrea Hirata's resistance to today's post-reality people who live in a false image. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method with content analysis to describe the satirical representation in the novel. This research approach focuses on the study of post-reality and Humanistic Psychology. The results of the study: 1. The satirical representation of prestige materialism in the novel, namely a) satire on the reality of prestige professions/works; b) satire of educational reality; c) Satire of democratic reality; d) satire of social reality. 2. The targets or targets of satire are people who live in false consciousness and are materialistically oriented to prestige: a) prestige professions/jobs; b) the vulnerability of society; c) political elites; d) arrogance of power; e) hypocrisy. 3. The satire message of prestige materialism is to restore being values to humans, which are represented through simple/innocent figures who are marginalized in society.

Article information


International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Volume (Issue)

5 (10)





How to Cite

Purnaningsih, S., & Kusmiatun, A. (2022). Satire of Prestige Materialism in Andrea Hirata’s Tree Circus Novel. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 5(10), 108–119.



Satire of Prestige Materialism, Postreality, and Humanistic Psychology