Feminism and Gynecocracy in Classical Autors Dona María de Zayas Sotomayor and Tirso de Molina

Objectification, feminism, femininity, empowerment, gynecocracy.


  • Cossi Basile Medenou
    Université d’Abomey- Calavi Départment de Philologie Hispanique et des civilisations Afro-américaines
July 30, 2021


This study based on María de Zayas Sotomayor and Tirso de Molina, especially on their classical Golden Age books Prudence in Woman and Amorous and Exemplary Novels, has for purposes to raise the question of women empowerment again and analyze their handling approaches of the feminist subject matter, to identify and suggest solutions to the hindrances of the solvency of that social phenomenon of women discrimination now a days. We carried it out by socio-critical approach and with objective, comparative, esthetical and analytic heuristic methods. It turns out of our work that both of María de Zayas Sotomayor and Tirso de Molina are feminist writers, but there are some subtle differences between them: Tirso de Molina put special emphasis on women political skills, whereas María de Zayas develops femininity, condemns their objectification by men and advocates their intellectual and social emancipation. Apart from that, our analyzes revealed that social and cultural obstacles continue to maintain the phenomenon. We proposed a cleaning up of the habits and the lifting of old fashioned taboo, mainly in African cultural areas where such habits are still unchanging.