Transitive Word Order in Karonese Language

https://doi.org/10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.5.16

Authors

  • Rahmawati Universitas Sumatera Utara Ilmu Linguistik Doktor, Medan, Indonesia
  • Mulyadi Universitas Sumatera Utara Ilmu Linguistik Doktor, Medan, Indonesia

Keywords:

Transitive, Word Order, Karonese, Language

Abstract

The research aims to look for word-formation from suffix -i and -pe and the prefix-ken. The problem of the research was whether the suffix -i and -ken and the prefix pe- can form transitive in sentences. This study used the qualitative approach. The complex predicate data were analyzed using the agih method which is part of the language itself which becomes the determining tool. This is an appropriate method of analyzing language. This study indicates that sentence formation in the Karo language initially uses the VOS word order. At the suffix-i, the transitive word order VOS is found, the suffix -ken used the VO word order and at the prefix pe- also used the VOS word order. The suffix -i was initially used with adjectives, intransitive verbs, and nouns to form a root word in the form of a locative transitive verb (referring to a place). If suffix –ken combined with a root word which is a group of adjectives, intransitive verbs, or nouns, the meaning becomes causative, making the sufferer become/do something. The prefix pe- functions to change adjectives, intransitive verbs, and nouns into transitive verbs. The derivative form produces a causative meaning.

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Published

2021-05-30

How to Cite

Rahmawati, & Mulyadi. (2021). Transitive Word Order in Karonese Language. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 4(5), 162-167. https://doi.org/10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.5.16