Overview of Knowledge and Acceptance of the DKI Jakarta Community on the Covid-19 Vaccination Program
The spread of the Covid-19 virus has paralyzed various aspects, one of which is health. Scientists have succeeded in making a Covid-19 vaccine to prevent transmission of Covid-19 so that it can enter the endemic phase. Indonesia started the Covid-19 vaccination program in January 2021. DKI Jakarta is one of the centers for the spread of the Covid-19 virus and has participated in implementing the Covid-19 Vaccination program. During the implementation of the Covid-19 vaccination program, there was still a lack of public knowledge about the vaccination program carried out by the government, which resulted in the readiness and acceptance of the community varying. This study aims to determine the knowledge and acceptance of the people of DKI Jakarta regarding the COVID-19 Vaccine. The type of research used is descriptive quantitative with a cross-sectional design. Research respondents were selected using a purposive sampling technique by meeting the inclusion criteria that have been set as follows: Have an ID card and are domiciled in DKI Jakarta, aged 18-59 years, can use the internet, have not or have received the first dose of the covid-19 vaccine, and are willing to be respondents. The data collection tool is in the form of a questionnaire that identifies public knowledge of the COVID-19 vaccine and public acceptance of the vaccine. The questionnaire that identified knowledge about the covid vaccine was 18 questions and had multiple choices, namely true and false, while the questionnaire to identify public acceptance consisted of 12 statements with 5 answer choices. The number of respondents is as many as 345 people. Data was collected through a questionnaire distributed online via google form from April – July 2021. From 18 statements regarding knowledge of the covid-19 vaccine, data obtained 46.67% had good knowledge, 32.8% had sufficient knowledge, and 20.53% had less knowledge. While the picture of public acceptance is: 51.59% doubt the halalness of the vaccine, 43.19% feel the vaccine is not safe, 41.16% doubt the effectiveness of the vaccine, 33.9% feel there will be side effects of the vaccine, 30.14% are hesitant to injected with the vaccine, 35.94% doubted trusting the vaccine, and 42.03% believed there were other preventive measures against COVID-19 transmission. The results of this study indicate that education regarding the Covid-19 vaccine still needs to be improved. The government can use various kinds of social media, such as Instagram, WhatsApp, and TikTok, to educate the public.