Identifying Parenting Styles of Parents in Kabul City
The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying parenting styles among parents in Kabul. The study is descriptive research that includes all households in Kabul city as the statistical population. The sample size was determined based on Cochran's formula, resulting in 330 questionnaires being distributed, consisting of 155 women and 175 men who were randomly selected and participated in the research. The questionnaire consisted of two sections: demographic information about the family, including gender and socioeconomic status, and the Parenting Attitude Scale (PAS) questionnaire. After completion and data collection, the data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. The findings of the research indicate that the mean and variance of parenting style scores, including authoritarianism, overprotectiveness, and permissiveness, are equal among fathers and mothers based on gender and family socioeconomic status, and no significant differences are observed in the scores. It can be concluded that parents in Kabul, regardless of gender or socioeconomic status, use all three parenting styles equally in raising their children.