International Journal of Translation and Interpretation Studies (IJTIS) is a double-blind peer-reviewed, bimonthly, open-access journal published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development, United Kingdom. It is designed to disseminate knowledge and research relevant to all areas of Translation andtinterpretation. IJTIS seeks to address broad, common concerns among scholars working in various areas of translation and interpreting studies, while encouraging sound empirical research that could serve as a bridge between academics and practitioners. Finally, IJTIS is a forum for the dissemination in English translation of relevant scholarly research originally published in languages other than English.