The Grammatical Form of Content and Functions Words in Chinese Textbook for Indonesian Students

content and function words chinese textbook indonesian students

Authors

  • Karisma Erikson Tarigan Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Margaret Stevani
    margaretstevani19@gmail.com
    Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
July 11, 2021

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With the rapid of China‘s society development, chinese content and function words had their own development in static and dynamic form in grammatical form. Indonesian students have to know well about the functions and characteristics of Chinese content and function words in order to learn and used Chinese words. This research used qualitative method and the category based on Modern Chinese Dictionary (现代汉语词典Xiandai Hanyu Cidian) to categorize the vocabularies in Contemporary Chinese textbook. The results showed that 46% of content words were nouns, 26% were verbs, and 13% were adjectives. The content words in Contemporary Chinese textbook include six parts of speech in the category of content words were nouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals, measure words and pronouns. The function words in these content words were categorized into four of six parts, there were adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, auxiliary words. There were no exclamation words, onomatopoetic words in the textbook. 42% of function words were adverbs, 17% conjunction words, 13% were prepositions, and some function words category had unique characteristics, such as the adverb ―把ba and―离li, the auxiliary words (―的de,―得de,―地de).