Rounding Harmony in Mfantse: Evidence and Differences

Authors

  • Patience Obeng Department of Akan-Nzema Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana
  • Yvonne A.A. Ollennu Department of Ga-Dangme Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana

Keywords:

Mfants, labialization, rounding harmony, phonemic, assimilation, vowel, diacritic, subdialect

Abstract

This paper investigated rounding harmony in two subdialects of Mfantse spoken in the Central Region of Ghana. Bɔrbɔr and Edwumako dialects are part of the Akan language and belongs to Kwa on the Niger-Congo branch of languages. Data was from the Mfantseman and Edwumako districts from 45 participants aged 20 years and above.  The Autosegmental framework was used for data analysis. We looked first at the sounds and brought out the differences between Bɔrbɔr sounds and that of Edwumako.  The study established that Mfantse is not the same in all its phonological presentations in all its subdialects. In terms of sound distribution, the central unadvanced vowel is strictly word final in Bɔrbɔr while it is both word initial and final in Edwumako.  Some aspects of rounding harmony occur in both Bɔrbɔr and Edwumako while other aspects occur in Bɔrbɔr and partially in Edwumako. Other aspects are present in Edwumako only. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Dimensions

References

Abakah, E. N. (1978). Dialect Differences Between Iguae Fante and Bɔrbɔr (Nkusukum)(Nkusukum) Fante. Long Essay. University of Ghana.

Abakah E. N. (2003). The Segmental and Tone Melodies of Akan. Nowegian University of Science and Technology.

Abakah, (2012). Some Assimilatory Processes in Akan. Journal of West African Languages, 39(2).

Andoh-Kumi, K. (1971). A Pilot Dialect Geography of Agona Long Essay. University of Ghana.

Akanlig-Pare, G. (1994) Aspects of Buli Phonology. MPhil thesis. University of Ghana.

Akanlig-Pare, G., & Asante, K.R., (2016). Vowel Harmony in Nkami. Journal of West African Languages, 43(1).

Bota, G. (2002). Aspects of Bono Phonology. An Autosegmental Analysis. MPhil Thesis. University of Ghana.

Bloch, B, (1948). A set of postulates for phonemic analysis. Language 24.

Casali, R. F. (2016). Some inventory-related asymmetries in patterning of tongue root harmony systems. Studies in African Linguistics, 45(1&2(.

Clements, G. N. (1976). Vowel harmony in nonlinear generative phonology: an autosegmental model. Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Districts in Ghana. http://www.ghanadistricts.com

Dolphyne, F. A. (1979). The Brong (Bono) Dialect of Akan. In K. A. Brong Kyempem Chapter VII. Accra, Afram Publications.

Dolphyne F.A. (1988). The Akan (Twi-Fante) Language. Its Sound Systems and Tonal Structure. Accra: Ghana Universities Press.

Fanti. http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/tribes/fanti.php

Firth, J.R. (1948). Sounds and Prosodies" Transactions of the Philological Society, pp 127–52.

Goldsmith J. A. Autosegmental Phonology. (1979)a. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/37599756

Goldsmith, J. (1990)b. Autosegmental and metrical phonology. Basil Blackwell.

Hockett, C. (1955)c. A manual of phonology. Indiana University Publications in Anthropology and Linguistics 11.

Holmes, J. (2001). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Second edition. Pearson EducationLimited.

Moller, M. (2016). Vowel Harmony in Bale: A study of ATR harmony in a Surmic languageof Ethiopia. http://su.divaportal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A233078&dswid=9744

Morton, D. (2012). [ATR] Harmony in an Eleven Vowel Language: The Case of Anii. In Selected Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics, ed. Michael R. Marlo et al., 70-78. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.

Obeng, S.G. (1999) Conversational Strategies in Akan: Prosodic Features and Discourse Categories. Cologne: Rüdiger Koppe Verlag.

Osam, E.K. (2004). The Trondheim Lectures. An Introduction to the Structure of Akan: Its Verbal and Multiverbal Systems. Combert Impressions, Accra.

Sharon R. (2016). ATR Vowel Harmony: new patterns and diagnostics. https://www.core.ac.uk/download/pdf/230169795.pdf

Published

2020-09-30

How to Cite

Obeng, P. ., & Ollennu, Y. A. . (2020). Rounding Harmony in Mfantse: Evidence and Differences. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 3(9), 131-141. Retrieved from https://al-kindipublisher.com/index.php/ijllt/article/view/463