Research Article

Sociological Aspects in Siti Nurbaya's Novel by Marah Rusli


  • Elok Fitrotin Febriani Postgraduate Student, Indonesian Language and Literature Education, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia
  • Anwar Efendi Postgraduate Lecturer, Faculty of Language and Arts, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia


There is a close relationship between literature and life because the social function of literature is how it involves itself in people's lives. The purpose of this research is to find out the sociology of literature, which examines it through three contexts, first, the social context of the author; second, literature as a mirror of society; third, the social function of literature in the novel Siti Nurbaya by Marah Rusli. The method in this research uses descriptive qualitative. In this case, the writer first describes the social context of Marah Rusli's novel Siti Nurbaya, then analyzes the content of the novel and then looks at the relationship between the problems in the novel, and then adjusts it to socio-cultural conditions. The results of the analysis show that Siti Nurbaya's novel, in terms of the author's social context, that in Siti Nurbaya's novel, is based on the bad experience of the author, Marah Rusli. Siti Nurbaya's novel reflects the many problems of society in Siti Nurbaya's era, such as polygamy, pride in nobility, customs in Padang, child sacrifices for their parents, and so on. Meanwhile, there is a social function of literature in the novel, which includes rebellion, literary works as entertainment, and entertainingly teaching something.

Article information


International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Volume (Issue)

5 (4)





How to Cite

Fitrotin Febriani, E., & Efendi, A. (2022). Sociological Aspects in Siti Nurbaya’s Novel by Marah Rusli. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation, 5(4), 167–171.



sociological, literature, novel