A Literature Review of Studies on Production-oriented Approach (POA) in China

Production-oriented Approach; Literature Review; Content Analysis; Output-driven

Authors

  • LIXUAN SUN
    sun15114559787@gmail.com
    PhD Candidate, Department of Language and Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; English Teacher, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Harbin Institute of Petroleum, Harbin, China
  • Adelina Asmawi Associate Professor, Head, Department of Language and Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
June 30, 2021

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The Production-Oriented Approach (POA) is a novel teaching approach with Chinese characteristics that is also one of China's research hotspots in the field of English instruction. The purpose of this study is to investigate the theory's future development and challenges based on the research state of POA in China, in order to promote POA's application in a wider range. The researcher retrieved academic journals, master's and doctoral dissertations from CNKI regarding POA from 2016 to 2020 and discussed its application fields, research methods, and research contents in this study. The findings demonstrate that: 1) Chinese researchers' research on POA has advanced significantly in the last five years, with an overall increasing trend in the number of studies. 2) POA's research methodologies mostly consist of non-empirical and empirical research. 3) POA's research focuses mostly on the development of theoretical systems, teaching effectiveness research, teaching reform practice, and teaching compilation and usage. Simultaneously, this study outlines the present research on POA in China's limitations and evaluates its future development prospects.