Modernization Measures for Sustainable Development of Alpine Grassland Husbandry on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: An Example of Countermeasures to Pasture Degradation
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, also known as the "third pole of the world", consists of widespread alpine grasslands, and the local community has taken advantage of this natural condition to develop alpine grassland livestock farming. In recent years, climate change and irrational human activities have led to serious degradation of the alpine grasslands on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which has constrained the development of traditional grassland husbandry. In order to promote the ecological protection of the plateau and improve the livelihood of the people in this region, the traditional grassland livestock industry needs to be transformed and upgraded. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau should study and reasonably learn from efficient modern pastoralism and development measures such as grass farming and migrant urbanization in the USA, Australia, and Northern Europe. Due to the special peculiarities of the natural environment and the limitations of the local socio-economic conditions, this essay combines the local natural and humanistic environment of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region and proposes modern measures such as grass-based storage, grazing in specific areas, and ecological migration to realize the sustainable development of alpine grassland animal husbandry, which is conducive to promote regional high quality development.