Research Article

Adaptation of Fourteen Varieties of Red Onion (Allium Ascalonicum L.) in The Plateau


  • Abubakar Idhan Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia


The adaptability of a variety is one of the determinants of the domestication conditions of a variety—fourteen varieties of onions, including those whose domestication is lowland adapted to the highlands. Fourteen varieties of shallots are Brebes Variety (V 1), Pikatan Variety (V 2), Thai Variety (V 3), Sumenep Variety  (V 4), Super Philips Variety  (V 5), Manjung Variety (V 6), Bauji Variety (V 7), Jeneponto Adaptation Bima Variety (V 8), Bima Variety enrekang adaptation (V 9), Bangkok Variety adaptation Jeneponto (V 10), Palu Local Variety (V 11),  Katumi Varieties (V 12), Trident Varieties (V 13) and Mentes Varieties (V 14)  conducted in the form of Group Randomized Designs (RAK), Results from this study found that flowering naturally occurs in 12 varitas that produce flowers from 14 varieties of tried onions, and can be found.   The five varieties that flower more are the Bangkok Variety adaptation jeneponto, Bima Brebes, Manjung, Bauji, and the mentes variety. The growth and production of bulbs grown in the highlands are generally determined by the genetic traits and adaptability of each variety. This is indicated by the difference in the results of each component of observation parameters of the same variety. As produced, five varieties selected the production of different perhektar bulbs based on the location of planting. Bangkok Jeneponto varieties 11.5 tons h ̄¹, Bauji varieties 10.0 tons h ̄¹, Bima Brebes varieties 3.0 tons h ̄¹, Manjung varieties 7.5 tons h ̄¹, and Mente’s varieties 19.0 tons h ̄¹.

Article information


Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies

Volume (Issue)

3 (1)





How to Cite

Idhan, A. (2022). Adaptation of Fourteen Varieties of Red Onion (Allium Ascalonicum L.) in The Plateau. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies, 3(1), 50–57.



Adaptation, Varieties, Onions, Highlands