Research Article

Reforestation Program in Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Forest Reserve: An Assessment


  • Apollo I. Manuel Environment and Natural Resources Office, Palayan, Nueva Ecija, Philippines
  • MARJORIE VELASCO Core Gateway College, Inc., San Jose City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines


A descriptive research aimed to assess the Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Forest Reserve (PCWFR) particularly under Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Purposive sampling was used in choosing the respondents. A total of 75 out of 86 respondents served as a source of data. Data were analyzed using frequency count, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Chi-square were also used. The majority of the respondents conducted site development practices such activities were based on DENR standards and specifications. Activities under the implementation scheme were found moderately implemented on by-administration and somewhat implemented on by-contract. The outcome of the reforestation program in terms of 100% completed, with a survival rate of 50-89%, 1.0meter height for fast-growing trees, and 0.5 meters for slow growth trees. Site development practices were significantly related to the outcome of the reforestation program. The relationship was established between the implementation scheme and the outcome of the reforestation program: the by-administration scheme was significantly related to the actual area planted and growth height of seedlings while the by-contract scheme had a highly significant relationship to the actual area planted. Lack of financial and other logistic support was the leading problem encountered in the implementation of the reforestation program.

Article information


British Journal of Environmental Studies

Volume (Issue)

1 (1)





How to Cite

Manuel, A. I., & VELASCO, M. (2021). Reforestation Program in Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Forest Reserve: An Assessment. British Journal of Environmental Studies, 1(1), 01–11. Retrieved from



Reforestation, site development, by-administration, by-contract, implementation scheme