Analyzing Complex Predicates in Karo Language using Syntactic Parsing

Complex predicate Karo language tree diagram nexus-juncture relation

Authors

  • Karisma Erikson Tarigan Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Margaret Stevani
    margaretstevani19@gmail.com
    Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
July 7, 2021

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This study characterized the complex predicate and multiple events where the multi-verb single clause realises a single event in syntax and examined the complex sentences containing multiple verbal predicates. This study used the descriptive qualitative method. The data sources used were sentences containing karo sentence clauses and was classified based on the elements of complex Predicates in a tree diagram and the RRG account of nexus-juncture relations theory by Nolan, 2005 & Van Valin, 2005. The findings showed that event, argument, and semantic could be realized in syntactic meaning to reveal complex predicates. The tightest syntactic linkages embodied the closer semantic relations and it was signaled by word order. Most of the complex predicates in Karo language have an embedded object.  The core in the nucleus could be appeared not only as one core but two or more complex predicates and it followed by an argument with the form V+V+N and in the form of V+V+N. One argument (Participant/Actor) that involved one core. It assumed that there might be one participant in two events, and there may be two participants in one event. All of Karo language sentences have at least one NP + one VP and they consisted of more than one complex predicates.