Harmonization and Implementation of Policies for Handling the Covid-19 Pandemic in Gresik Regency
The problem of handling the Covid-19 pandemic is not only about health but also the massive social-economic impact (McKee and Stuckler, 2020; Daniel et al., 2020; Mahler et., 2020; Laborde et al., 2020). Multidimensional responses from various countries have also been followed by Indonesia since the enactment of Presidential Decree 11/2020 concerning the Establishment of a Covid-19 Public Health Emergency. The Indonesian government is taking extraordinary steps by focusing on health care, social safety nets, and economic recovery. This study harmonizes various regulations in handling the socio-economic impacts of the Covid-19 Pandemic, especially in the implementation of social safety nets and takes case studies of the formulation and implementation of social safety nets in Gresik Regency as an area with a high escalation of Covid-19 infections, experiencing large-scale social restrictions, and poverty conditions which are above the national and East Java averages. The approach used in this study is a sociological approach with the methodology of harmonization of law, Regulatory Impact Analysis(RIA) and the Rule, Opportunity, Capacity, Communication, Interest, Process, and Ideology (ROCCIPI) method. Data mining in harmonization comes from statutory provisions that are directly related to the implementation of social safety nets. Meanwhile, the RIA and ROCIIPI analysis used 19 informants who were directly involved in preparing social safety net regulations in Gresik Regency. The research finding is a regulatory harmonization framework social safety net from the national to regional levels, as well as an analysis of the formulation and implementation of social safety net regulations based on good regulatory governance criteria. Gresik Regency's social safety net regulations are aligned with the priority of the Government's extraordinary measures in the field of state finance in the context of saving health and the national economy through a focus on spending on health, social safety net, and economic recovery. Formulation and implementation of regulations Gresik Regent Regulation 16/2020 concerning Social Safety Nets, Economic Stimulants, and Village Direct Cash Assistance Handling the 2019 Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) Pandemic Gresik Regency has complied with most of the good regulatory governance criteria but requires improvement in aspects bureaucratic level involvement, stakeholder involvement, and transparency and communication factors.
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