Zoning Control Directives Fort Somba Opu Cultural Heritage Site Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi Province
The purpose of this research was to formulate zoning control directives on the cultural heritage site of Fort Somba Opu by identifying the factors that influence it. The research location is in the Benteng Somba Opu Village, Barombong District, Gowa Regency. This research was conducted through a quantitative and qualitative approach, where primary data was first collected, and later the primary data obtained was processed into analysis through calculation so that the output obtained would be in the form of definite numerical data. The intended primary data is obtained through the process of observation and interviews through questionnaires to the people of the Benteng Somba Opu Village, and the calculation analysis is carried out through path analysis (path analysis) so that the resulting output is translated using a qualitative descriptive analysis method. From the results of path analysis, it is known that from the five independent variables studied, there are three variables that influence indirectly or directly the decline in cultural heritage identity and one intervening variable that has a direct effect on the decline in cultural heritage identity. The independent variable that has an indirect effect on the decline in cultural heritage identity is livelihoods through changes in land use. Whereas the independent variables that directly affect the decline in cultural heritage identity are human and institutional resources, and the intervening variables that are intended to directly affect the decline in cultural heritage identity are changes in land use. Variables that linearly have a significant effect on the decline in the identity of the cultural heritage then become the basis for determining the direction of zoning control of the cultural heritage site of Fort Somba Opu. Where based on this variable, the reference for the formulation of control directives is mixed by reviewing several journals and government regulations that are in line with these significant variables so that the formulation of directives for controlling the Somba Opu Fort cultural heritage site is issued.