Music Interventions to Reduce Pain in Postoperative Patients Benigna Prostate Hyperplasia
Benigna Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a progressive enlargement of the prostate gland that can be surgically remedied. The result of surgery can cause pain. One of the pains is with the relaxation of music. Music relaxation is an action to free mentally and physically from tension and stress so as to increase tolerance to pain. The objective of the study is to know the music intervention to reduce pain in post-operative benigna prostate hyperplasia patients. This research is a literature study with a PRISMA approach and a systematic review using PICO. The search databases used are Google Scholar, PubMed, Alberta Health Services, and Wiley Online Library, with keywords. The results of the review obtained revealed that 15% to 60% of men over 40 years old have BPH, while TURP primarily occurs in patients aged 61-70 years, and all BPH patients experience pain and experience depression levels. 24.9% of patients suffered varying degrees of depression, including mild symptoms of 20.9% and moderate/severe symptoms of (3.9%). Patients were aged 61-70 years, 39.5%. Pasin returned to normal activity by 71%. TURP affects patient anxiety with a signification of 0.005. Musical interventions are effective for lowering pain in postoperative BPH patients. Advice to nurses is expected to provide musical interventions as an alternative to reduce pain in postoperative BPH patients.