Ecology of The Batak Toba Medicinal Plants in Praxis Social Approach

Ecolinguistic The Batak Toba Medicinal Plants Social Praxis Theory Lexical Classification

Authors

  • Karisma Erikson Tarigan
    erick_tarigan2006@yahoo.com
    Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Margaret Stevani Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Katolik Santo Thomas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
November 12, 2021

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This study was aimed to (1) describe the treasures of the medicinal plant ecolexicon in the Toba Batak language community and (2) describe the public's understanding of the medicinal plant ecolexicon based on the parameters of interrelation, interaction, and interdependence. In describing the eco-collection of the medicinal plants, we used the dialectical theory of social praxis, namely: (1) ideological dimensions, (2) sociological dimensions, and (3) biological dimensions. This study used qualitative research methods by obtaining the data from the results of interviews and observations. The results of the analysis of the first problem showed that the Toba Batak language medicinal plant lexical consisted of 10 types of medicinal plants and it was classified into four lexical groups, namely (1) leaf lexical, (2) fruit lexical, (3) rhizome lexical, and (4) tuber lexical. The results of the analysis showed that the forms of interrelation, interaction, and interdependence of the Toba Batak community from the data on the medicinal plant lexicon of the Batak Toba language.