Journal of Medical and Health Studies 2023-01-12T19:25:07+00:00 Managing Editor Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Medical and Health Studies (ISSN: 2710-1452) is a peer-reviewed International Journal published by <a href="">Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development</a>. The journal covers scholarly articles in the fields of Medicine and Public Health. All articles are freely available without charge to the users or their institutions; thus, ensuring high visibility and increasing citations for all research articles published. The journal aims to facilitate scholarly work on recent theoretical and practical aspects of health and medical sciences. Academics, policymakers, and researchers are welcome to submit their manuscripts at any time.</p> Assessment of the Medication Administration Errors in the Tertiary Hospital in Saudi Arabia: A prospective Observational Study 2023-01-02T05:08:06+00:00 Ahmed Altowairqi Abdullah Althomali Abdulrahman Althobati Hind A. Almalki Mohammad Al-Thomali Khulud AlOsaimi Marzokah A. Almalki Raniyah Alrubaie Muruj Almuwallad Sara Alharbi Ghuzayyil Alkhamash Ashwaq Alshehri Manal M. Alosaimi <p>Medication errors can occur at any of the three steps of the medication use process: prescribing, dispensing and administration. Drug administration errors were the second most frequent type of medication error, after prescribing errors, but the latter were often intercepted; hence, administration errors were more probably to reach the patients. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the frequency and types of drug administration errors in a Taif hospital ward. Prospective study based on a disguised observation technique in nine wards in a general hospital in Taif, Saudi Arabia (800 beds). A pharmacist accompanied nurses and witnessed the preparation and administration of drugs to all patients during the three drug rounds on each of six days per ward. The main outcomes were the number, type and clinical importance of errors and associated risk factors. The drug administration error rate was calculated. Relationships between the drug dose frequency, dosage form and types of medication administration error were measured. A total of 7105 medications administered by 250 nursing staff members to 700 patients were observed. Observers intervened in seven administrations. There are 1769 medication administration errors confirmed. The most common medication administration errors were drug preparation error (40.56%, n =727) then, improper dose error (18.58%, n=333); the most common drug class error was Antibiotic (38.9%, n =399) then Analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs (17%, n =176). The most drug dose frequency had Drug preparation error was seen in a drug used three times a day by 484. MAEs were more likely to occur in the evening shift compared to the morning and afternoon shifts. The study indicates that the frequency of drug administration errors in developing countries such as Malaysia is similar to that in developed countries.</p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Correlation between Mother’s Psychological Stress and Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Elementary School Age Children 2022-11-18T19:21:47+00:00 Monycha Helaina Calista Izzatul Fithriyah Budi Utomo Yunias Setiawati <p>The condition of psychological stress experienced by the mother will affect the child's emotions and behaviour. Emotional and behavioral problems in children could continue to be serious disorders if they are not managed earlier. This study aims to analyze the correlation between the psychological stress of the mother and the emotional and behavioral problems of elementary school age children. This research used analytic observational research with a cross-sectional research design. The study population was students in grades I-VI at SD Negeri Surabaya and used total population sampling. The results of the study were tested with spearman's rho test, which showed that there was a relationship between the mother's psychological stress and the emotional and behavioral problems of elementary school-aged children p-value=0.022 (p&lt;0.05) had a positive relationship. The higher the stress level experienced by the mother, the higher the level of emotional and behavioral problems experienced by the child.</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical and Health Studies Risk Factors Associated with Empty Nest Syndrome in Elderly Women in the Work Area of Public Health Center (Puskesmas) 1 Kembaran Banyumas Regency in 2014 2022-12-19T06:14:52+00:00 Martin Pratiwi <p>Empty nest syndrome is often experienced by women, especially in nuclear families. Empty nest syndromes are experienced by old age at the time when the cubs last married or left home. The phenomenon of empty nest syndrome is widely experienced by women of advanced age with various diverse forms. This study aims to study the risk factors associated with empty nest syndrome in older women in the Puskesmas l Kembaran Working Area of Banyumas Regency in 2014. This type of research is a quantitative study using a cross-sectional approach with a population of 184 older women. The analysis used is Chi-Square and Logistic Regression. The results showed that the age of older women who experienced empty nest syndrome (63.6%), in the category of elderly old (57.6%), basic education (77.7%), non-work (58.7%) and social activities (93.5%). The results of the Chi-square test obtained variables related to the empty nest syndrome were self-concept (p-value = 0.016), communication with children (p-value = 0.027), and communication with partners (p-value- 0.026). Variables that are not related to the incidence of empty nest syndrome are age (p-value = 0.368), education (p-value = 0.834), occupation (p-value = 0.957) and social activities (p-value = 0.935). According to the logistic regression test results, self-concept is the most dominant variable associated with the empty nest syndrome (p = 0.020. OR = 2.103). The conclusion of the self-concept research is the variable most related to the empty nest syndrome. It is recommended that older women need to increase their social activities. Children should often visit parents or contact them by phone, and posyandu cadres explain the importance of social interaction in posyandu activities for the elderly.</p> 2023-01-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical and Health Studies Quality of Life among Patients with Chronic Diseases: Integrative Review 2023-01-12T19:25:07+00:00 Sahar Mardha Al Dawsari Hajar Mudaysh Ali Alsalhabi Mohammad Abdalrahman Alshamrani Muaddiyah Mudaysh Ali Alsalhabi <p>Patients with chronic diseases have diminished quality of life; they need immediate intervention and various effective strategies to cope with their disease. The main purpose of this integrative review is to highlight the effect of the status of QoL on patients with chronic diseases in light of previous studies. Studies published in the years 2010 - 2022 were evaluated. International electronic databases such as Ovid MEDLINE, PuMed, Ovid OLDMEDLINE, Embase Classic + EMBASE (Ovid), The Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), The Cochrane Library (Wiley) and CINAHL Plus (EBSCO) were explored to find articles written in English-language using relevant keywords. All quantitative research studies which focused on the specific topic have been searched as well.<strong>: </strong>In this paper, 70 articles were searched. After checking for duplicates, 40 papers were left for evaluation of titles and abstracts. This left 40 articles for reading of full texts. Of these, 10 papers did not meet the aim. The remaining 30 articles were read thoroughly to appraise them according to the quality criteria. Twelve articles met the inclusion criteria. Hence, twelve studies were included in the present review<strong>. </strong>QoL is reduced in patients with chronic diseases. Saudi Arabia is still grappling with a good financing health structure as the majority of the participants lacked any form of medical insurance and were paying out‑of‑pocket at the point of service. Nurses and other healthcare providers should work to provide effective strategies for the purpose of increasing the level of QoL among patients with chronic diseases in Saudi Arabia and all over the world.</p> 2023-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Is Mometasone Effective in Treating Otitis Media with Effusion? 2023-01-04T12:15:29+00:00 Haider Majid Haider Al-Zaidi <p>Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the long-term deposition of mucus in the middle ear cleft. It is the leading cause of childhood hearing loss and a common childhood infection. It can impair communication and life quality. OME's direct and indirect costs are also crucial. Improving OME care is crucial. This study examines intranasal mometasone's efficacy in treating otitis media with effusion. A clinical trial study was conducted during a period from January 2021 to June 2022. It included 80 patients suffering from otitis media with effusion bilaterally (160 ears) who had an intact tympanic membrane and tympanometry type B. These patients were included only if they had a hearing change or loss noted by the parents or by the patient if he or she could complain for three months or more. These patients were split into two groups. Group A had 80 ears (40 patients) who got one puff of mometasone furoate nasal spray in each nostril every day for three months, and Group B had 80 ears (40 patients) who got one puff of seawater nasal spray in each nostril every day for the same period. On the first visit, otoscopic findings were recorded, and all patients had pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry performed. All of the above-mentioned measures were repeated and compared to the records from the first visit at the end of the three months of treatment. After treatment, 75% of ears in Group A changed from type B to type A tympanometry. This was significantly higher than in Group B, where only 15% of ears changed from type B to type A tympanometry. Regarding retraction, 75% of ears in Group A showed no retraction after treatment with mometasone furoate, while in Group B, it was 40%. The average pure-tone audiometry score in Group A improved after therapy. Corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of otitis media with effusion and safer when used as topical intranasal steroids than systemic preparations.</p> 2023-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical and Health Studies