Individual Duties of EBP Influencing Factors Caring Behavior of Nurses in the ICU: Systematic Review

Caring Behavior, Nurse, Work Environment, Stressor, Job Satisfaction, Workload, Determinant Factors, Intensive Care


  • Any Yuliani Master of Nursing Student, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University
  • Iwan purnawan
    Department of Critical Care Nursing Department of Nursing Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University
March 2, 2023


Caring behavior is a form of concern in providing support in the form of providing education, attitudes, and care for individuals, groups or communities who are sick or suffering to be able to improve their living conditions. Therefore, the author is interested in reviewing more about the factors that influence the caring behavior of nurses in the ICU in the form of a systematic review. The objective of this research is to analyze the factors that influence the caring behavior of nurses in the ICU based on evidence based research. This research is a literature study with a PRISMA approach—A systematic review using PICO. The search databases used are Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, ProQuest, DOAJ, Springer, Taylor and Francis with the keywords caring behavior AND nursing AND intensive care, critical appraisal using the Joanna bigg Institute. These research results are of the 10 research articles reviewed; the quality of the articles obtained was that opportunity had good caring behavior was 2.22 (Odds Ratios:  2.22, 95%CI: 1.20 - 4.10) times higher in nurses who worked in a good work environment compared to those who worked in a bad work environment. Nurses who are satisfied with their work have a 2.79 chance (Odds Ratios: 2.79, 95% CI: 1.54 - 5.08) times higher to behave well than nurses who are dissatisfied with their work. Similarly, nurses who had a lower workload had a probability of 3.01 (Score Odds Ratios: 3.01, 95% CI: 1.70 - 5.33) times higher to have good caring behavior from nurses compared to nurses who reported having a high workload. The factors that influence caring behavior in the ICU are work environment, stressors, job satisfaction and workload.