Study the Impact of Plateau Pika Activity on the Ecological Dynamics of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
The Tibetan Plateau, the world's largest plateau, harbors diverse ecosystems that play vital roles in the global environment. This study aims to investigate the ecological impact of the plateau pika, an endemic species, on the plateau's water resources, carbon storage, biodiversity, and climate. The research advocates for a balanced approach to pika control, emphasizing ecological preservation while addressing the associated challenges. Various statistical tests were employed to quantify the relationship between plateau pika activity and ecological dynamics. Correlation analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between pika burrow density and soil moisture content. T-tests demonstrated a significant difference in soil carbon content between areas with high and low pika burrow densities. A chi-squared test found no significant association between pika population density and the presence of vulnerable species. Ecological protection and sustainable development are crucial, with plant-based pesticides like ricin offering an effective and environmentally friendly means of pika control. However, ecological restoration should be the core of rodent control efforts to maintain a balanced ecosystem. Combining grazing policies with ecological grassland control measures can help mitigate rodent damage while improving grassland productivity.