Ecological Protection Status and Protection Countermeasures of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has its unique advantages and is an important natural area to regulate the human living environment. At present, China's rapid economic development and social progress, with the rapid population growth, the ecological balance of the ecological environment affect the Plateau, which is indispensable in human life and development and is a necessary condition for steady and sustainable growth and people's living standards; it also plays a decisive role in the sustainable development strategic goal of the whole country. Due to the extreme nature of natural conditions and human activities, the biodiversity in the Qinghai-Tibet region is in danger, with serious soil erosion and sensitive ecological and environment. In order to protect the ecological environment of the Tibetan Plateau, strengthen the research and scientific management of the natural area and its ecosystem, establish and improve the nature protection mechanism; at the same time, strengthen the biodiversity maintenance of the alpine area of the Tibetan Plateau, implement a series of countermeasures of the ecological system, so as to restore the area to the original situation and provide more ecological service functions. This paper first analyzes the reasons for the fragile and sensitive ecological environment in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area, then analyzes the current situation and existing problems of ecological protection, and puts forward corresponding protection measures for various problems. On the basis of the above, the ecological protection countermeasures of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are discussed. In this paper, the investigation method and the literature research method are adopted to collect and analyze the existing research results, comprehensively understand the current situation of ecological protection on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and analyze them in detail. The results show that: (1) the economic development level of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area is low, and there is a contradiction between resource development and utilization and ecological environment protection; (2) the biodiversity in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area is threatened, the ecological service function is reduced, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has a vast territory, changeable climate and serious soil erosion. (3) Due to the impact of human activities on the environment, the contradictions between natural, social and economic development and ecological environment protection are increasingly prominent; (4) Ecological protection is faced with many problems and protection is difficult. Generally speaking, there are many problems and challenges in the ecological protection work in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, facing severe tests.